How to become Police officer

If you want to become a police officer, do you want to serve the country by joining the police, if you want to serve the country by joining the police, then today I am going to tell you how to become a Police Officer.

A career as a cop is considered one of the most coveted positions in the society. If you have the passion to serve the society, then police officer is the right career to choose. There are many posts for police officers in India.

Some of the major responsibilities of a police officer are to promote and preserve public order, investigate crimes, identify problems and situations that can potentially lead to crime, maintain law and order and much more.

To become a police officer, candidates need to maintain a good physique and a healthy body. However, becoming a police officer in India is not an easy task, as the selection process includes both written and physical tests.

Police officers enjoy utmost respect in the society and it is one of the lucrative career options in the public sector.

Every year, lakhs of students aspire to work for the society so they join the police. Around one million students appear in the SSC and IPS exams to become a police officer.

Several entrance exams are conducted for the appointment of candidates for various posts. After completing the written test students will also have to pass a physical test round to be eligible to become a police officer.

But before the students are eligible to appear in the entrance exam, students have to follow certain courses to become a police officer such as criminal justice, law enforcement etc.

In India, there are many colleges like Pune University, Madras University, Gujarat University. And Osmania University, etc. offers courses like Criminology for all the students who want to become a police officer.

What kind of exam has to be given to join the police, or what studies have to be done to become a police officer.

First of all, know who is a police officer. Or who can we call police officers.

What is police

Police is a person whose job is to protect the law, and deal with mischievous elements. The responsibility of a police is to guard the law, protect citizens and ensure security within the country.

Police is a body of officers representing the security of the citizen. The police are generally responsible for maintaining public order and security, enforcing the law, and preventing, detecting and investigating criminal activities. These actions are known as policing.

In India, the police work within the state government, and the police of union territories comes under the center, like Delhi is a union territory, so the police here work under the central government, and the work of the center is Delhi Police. To work together, and ensure the safety of citizens. But Mumbai Police works within the state government, not the central government. By the way, all the police DGs report to the CM of the state as well as the Home Minister of India.

types of police officers

Along with knowing police officers in India, it is also important to know how many types of police officers are there, which are as follows:

  1. Private Investigator: Private Investigator is popularly known as Private Detective. They work to find information and find personal, legal and financial information on a wide variety of matters for an individual or organization.
  2. Crime Scene Investigator: A Crime Scene Investigator (CSI) works to extract all the important evidence from the crime scene related to a particular area. CSIs are employed by state or federal law enforcement.
  3. Law Enforcement Instructors: Law Enforcement Instructors are usually old or current law enforcement officers. They provide introductory training for the recruitment of Law Enforcement Workers.
  4. Superintendent of Police: SPs are the district heads of all Indian non-metropolitan districts. They are appointed in-charge of rural and urban areas of a district.
  5. Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP): Deputy Superintendent of Police is a state police officer. They belong to the Provincial Police Force.
  6. Local Police Force: The local police force includes the country, municipal, regional, and tribal police who are directly appointed by the local government. They are required to uphold the laws of the jurisdiction, carry out patrolling and investigate local crime.

What is the job of police?

Now that I have told you who is a policeman, who is called the police then, now let us know what is the work of a policeman. If you want to do a job in the police, then you should have a lot of knowledge about the police, like who is called the police, what is the full form of police, what are the types of police in India, and what is the job of a police officer.

Physical Eligibility to become Police Officer

To become a police officer a candidate must be physically and mentally fit. Not only this, for this, the height of male general candidates should be 165 cm and the height of reserved candidates should be 160 cm and chest should be 84 cm.

In this, the height of female general candidates should be at least 150 cm and the height of reserved candidates should be 145 cm and chest should be 79 cm.

Eye Sight: Vision of healthy eyes should be 6/6 or 6/9, vision of weak eyes should be 6/12 or 6/9.

If the candidate has all the above qualification then that candidate can apply for Police Officer Exam. For this civil service exam is conducted by UPSC. By becoming an IPS officer through the UPSC Civil Services Exam, one can work at the officer level in the police department. Let us know further about the UPSC Civil Services Exam.

Exam to become Police Officer

Two examinations are conducted every year to become a police officer, the information of which is given below.

  • UPSC (union public service commission)
  • SPSC (state public service commission)

Through these two exams, candidates can get different officer level jobs in the police department, whose list is given below.

Police job Post by Clearing UPSC exam

  • SP (superintendent of police)
  • DIG (deputy inspector general of police)
  • IG (inspector general of police)
  • ADG (additional director general of police)
  • DGP (director general of police)

Police Post after clearing SPSC Exam

  • CO (circle officer)
  • ASP (assistant superintendent of police)

This is all officer level job of police department, if you want to say officer level job in police department means if you want to become a police officer then you should prepare for UPSC or SPSC exam. Most of the candidates prefer to prepare for the UPSC exam because the aspirants preparing for the UPSC have the ability to crack the SPSC exam as well.

What to do after 12th to become a police officer?

The list of courses to become a police officer after 12th is given, which is as follows:

  • UG Preparation: In UG degree, if students are interested in Law Enforcement, then they should study subjects like Psychology, Science and Mathematics. Apart from this, they should work hard to stay physically fit.
  • PG Preparation: In PG degree, students can pursue courses like law enforcement degree, social science and criminal justice in the form of law etc.

How to become police officer after graduation?

The points required to become a police officer after graduation are as follows:

  • After completing graduation, the candidate has many options to become an officer. After passing the exam, CID officers get the posts like Sub Inspector, Inspector, DCP, ACP, DSP, SP etc.
  • After passing the written exam, it is the turn of the interview/oral round, which can be followed by a police officer after successfully passing it.

step by step guide how to become police officer

The step by step guide to become a police officer is given below:

  • Step 1 Required to get basic education

Students must have at least a high school diploma or GED. Many officers choose to pursue an associate’s or bachelor’s degree in fields such as criminal justice. Some roles or departments may also require you to have an associate degree. In addition, the education requirement is often waived for those who have served in the military.

  • Step-2 Meeting the Minimum Requirements

The minimum requirement is as follows:

  • Age
  • driving license
  • background check
  • physical examination
  • psychological evaluation
  • Step-3 Pass the Law Enforcement Exam

There are various law enforcement exams depending on the jurisdiction as well as the police academy you choose. The sections given in these exams are:

  • Written Exam: This section consists of a combination of Multiple-Choice, True-False and Short Essay Questions that assess the job knowledge of the candidate. Many questions test your grammar, reading comprehension and mathematical skills. These questions can also test your logic and decision making skills in job related scenarios.
  • Essay: In this section, a topic or prompt is given to the candidate to write a longer essay. These tests focus on your ability to use logic, express your thoughts and ideas clearly, as well as your reasoning and your ability to provide evidence to support your claims.
  • Oral exam: An oral test is a form of interview, often with a hiring manager from the department or even a member of the community. Its purpose is to evaluate your verbal communication skills and general presentation.

Step-4 it is necessary to do graduation from Police Academy

After meeting the basic requirements and passing the law enforcement exam, you have to attend a police training academy. The training to be done in Police Academy is as follows:

  • Classroom Training: In classroom training, future police officers gain an overview of law enforcement including law and regulation, criminal investigation methods, arrest and detention procedures as well as various methods of policing and public safety.
  • Field Training: Future Officers perform Defense Tactics, Administrative Duty, Use Weapons Carefully, Handle Dangerous Materials, Vehicle Operations and Force Utilization. In addition, they may need to simulate common or complex scenarios to interact with the public as well as practice problem solving, investigation and decision making skills.
  • Step-5 Gain Experience as an Officer

Once trainees graduate from the Police Academy, they can start working for the police force on a conditional basis. New officers are placed on a 12-month probationary period in which they work as a police officer. He receives continuous training from more experienced officers on a daily basis.

how to become police officer in india
how to become police officer in India


Friends, I have told you a lot about becoming a police, but if you want to know something else or want to ask something related to the article, then use the comment for that. If this article was useful for you, then share it with your friends also. Thank you for reading and sharing the article.


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