New Education Policy 2021 In English : The India government has made a big change in the education policy and has changed the outline of the education policy which has been going on for 34 years.
The name of the Ministry of Human Resources has been changed under the chairmanship of Prime Minister Narendra Modi and will now be known as “Ministry of Education”.
With the approval of the new National Education Policy 2020 of the Central Government, the 10+2 format has also come to an end.
Now a new format of education will appear which is divided into (5+3+3+4).
The new education policy proposes a 5+3+3+4 design educational structure that covers children in the age group of 3 to 18 years.
- Five Years Foundational Stage – 3 Years of Pre-Primary School and Grades 1, 2
- Three Years Prepatriary Stage
- Middle (or upper primary) stage of three years – grades 6, 7, 8 and 4 years of higher (or secondary) stage – grades 9, 10, 11, 12
Let us tell you that the new education policy of the 21st century targets a 50% gross enrollment ratio by 2035 towards the major reforms of the higher education.
Through this article, you will be able to know in detail about the new education policy of India, so read the post till the end.
Table of Contents
Why the need for change in the Old education policy ?
- In order to meet the needs of the knowledge based economy in the changing global scenario, there was a need for changes in the existing education system.
- There was a need for a new education policy to enhance the quality of education, promote innovation and research.
- To ensure global access to the Indian education system, there was a need for changes in education policy to adopt global standards of education.
New National Education Policy 2020 : Rashtriya Shiksha Niti
Recently, the Union Cabinet headed by the Prime Minister has approved the Nayi Shiksha Niti 2020 of India.
Under NEP 2020, HHRO proposes to set up a National Mission on Basic Literacy and Numeracy. Through this, basic skills will be ensured for children up to class-III level by the year 2025.
Through this New Education policy, by teaching the mother tongue and ancient languages of India to the students, their knowledge will be expanded.
This will help the students to achieve holistic farsightedness.
Important Facts to Know about New Education Policy 2020
- The last National Education Policy was formulated in 1986 which was amended in the year 1992.
- The present policy is based on the report of the committee headed by space scientist K. Kasturirangan.
- Under the new National Education Policy, 2020, a target has been set to bring the Gross Eurolment Ratio-GER to 100% by the year 2030.
- Under the new education policy, a target of 6% of GDP has been set for public expenditure on the education sector in collaboration with the central and state governments.
- With the announcement of the new education policy, the name of the Ministry of Human Resource Management has been changed to the Ministry of Education.
What is the Key point of new education policy 2020?
The central government has made some important changes in the form of the new education policy, according to which now the format of 10+2 has been completely abolished.
In its place, further education will be provided to the students in 5+3+3+4 format.
Let us analyze a little more about the New Education Policy.
- According to India’s new education policy, the first five years have been earmarked for pre-primary school.
- Out of which the first and second year education will be included as the foundation stage. The remaining classes 3 to 5 education will be divided according to the class.
- The education of classes 6 to 8 has been named as the middle stage of education.
- During the remaining 4 years i.e. class 9 to 12 secondary stage, there will be no strict adherence to subjects like science, commerce, arts etc. Students can choose the subject according to their wish.
- Class 10th to 12th board exams will continue to be conducted.
- All the states will get the syllabus prepared in their local language. Books should be available in such a way that the burden of school Bags ( Bastas ) should be less.
- School Standards Authority will be constituted which will work towards improving the quality of schools.
- Efforts will be made to teach gardening, regular sports, yoga, dance, martial arts to the students at all levels in schools as per local availability so that children can participate in physical activities and exercise etc.
Key Benefits of National education policy 2020 ( NEP 2020 )
- As per the policy, the major goal will be to promote the potential of the student.
- Not only will the teachers be made aware but the families of the students will be made aware.
- Students will not face any kind of difficulty between science and arts.
- Ethics and constitutional values will form a major part of the courses.
- Emphasis will be placed on critical and creative approach with emphasis on conceptual understanding.
- Following effective and transparent process in the appointment of teachers and promotion on the basis of performance assessment done from time to time.
Financial Help to Students in NEP Policy 2020
Financial assistance will be provided in the form of incentives to the meritorious students belonging to SC, ST, OBC and other socially and economically disadvantaged groups.
5 Major Pillars of National Education Policy 2020 ( NEP 2020 )
- equity ( equal ) participation
- quality Education
- Access (access to all)
- Accountability ( responsibility )
NEP Policy 2020 Key Points
As per the new policy, e-courses will be started in regional languages.
It has also been decided to start a National Educational Scientific Forum (NETF).
At present, there are about 45,000 colleges located in the country, which will be given administrative, academic and financial autonomy according to the graded autonomy.
There is a provision to develop Virtual Labs.
Under NEP-2020, the multiple entry and exit system has been adopted in the undergraduate course, under which the students in the undergraduate program of 3 or 4 years will be able to leave the course at multiple levels and they will be awarded the degree or certificate accordingly ( Certificate after 1 year, Advance Diploma after 2 years, Bachelor’s degree after 3 years and Graduation with research after 4 years).
Under the new education policy, M.Phil. (M.Phil) program has been terminated.
The importance of board exams will now be reduced and testing of real knowledge will be the prime objective.
Only language has been selected for instructions up to class V and its complete information will be mentioned in the report card.
According to the new policy, more emphasis has been given to online education and technology.
Do you know that till now there were different rules for all Central Universities, Deemed Universities and Standalone Institutions, but now all will follow the same rule.
The level of the new national education policy will rise like this
According to the New Education Policy, the creative combination of subjects for the purpose of providing higher education, students can now change the subjects.
Explain that Academic Bank of Credit will be created at the digital level. In which the credits obtained from educational institutions will be accounted for and these credits will be included in the final degree awarded to the student.
The formation of a National Research Foundation is also part of the new policy. Which will be the key to enhance the culture and capacity of research.
Higher Education Commission of India is also to be constituted through which the level of education can be brought under one umbrella. In which complete education has been included in addition to medical and legal.
Let us tell you that there will now be an entrance entrance test for admissions in universities.
Now the same rules and standards will be applied to government and non-government educational institutions.
This change will come in the standard of teaching after the new education policy
By the year 2030, it will be mandatory to have a minimum integrated B.Ed degree of 4 years.
A group of willing senior and retired teachers will be formed to support college and university teachers.
Do you know that the Common National Professional Standards for Teachers (CNPS) i.e. Common National Professional Standards will be prepared and the responsibility of preparation will be given to the National Council for Teacher Education after consultation with SCERT, NCERT, teachers and experts.
Syllabus and assessment reforms in New Education Policy 2020
- As per the proposed reforms in this policy, there will not be much distinction between arts and sciences, vocational and academic subjects and curricular and extra-curricular activities.
Indian knowledge systems, which will include tribal and indigenous knowledge, will be incorporated in the curriculum in a precise and scientific manner.
- Vocational education will be included in the educational curriculum from class 6 itself and arrangement for internship will also be made in it.
- The National Curricular Framework for School Education will be prepared by the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT).
- Keeping in mind the goal of holistic development of the students, changes will be made in class 10 and class 12 examinations. This may include improvements in future like semester or multiple choice questions etc.
- A new ‘National Assessment Centre’, named ‘PARAKH’, will be set up as a benchmark-setting body for evaluating the progress of students.
- Use of ‘Artificial Intelligence’ based software to evaluate students’ progress and help students make decisions related to their future.
- An ‘Academic Bank of Credit’ will be given to digitally secure the marks or credits obtained from various higher educational institutions, so that they can be awarded degrees based on the performance of students in different institutions.
Provision for children with disabilities in NEP 2020
In this new policy, cross-disability training, resource centres, accommodation, assistive devices, appropriate technology based equipment, full support of teachers and ensuring regular participation in the school education process from elementary to higher education, etc. have been enabled in this new policy will be built.
Provisions related to digital education in NEP 2020
- A “National Educational Technology Forum” will be formed as an autonomous body, through which ideas can be exchanged for promotion in teaching, evaluation planning and administration.
- A separate technology unit will be developed to develop digital education resources, which will coordinate for digital infrastructure, content and capacity building.
Challenges Related to New Education Policy 2020
- Cooperation of the states: Since education is a concurrent subject, most of the states have their own school boards, so the state governments will have to come forward for the actual implementation of this decision. Also, the idea of having a National Higher Education Regulatory Council as the apex controlling body may be opposed by the states.
- Expensive education: The new education policy has paved the way for admission to foreign universities. Various educationists believe that admission in foreign universities is likely to make the Indian education system expensive. As a result, it can be challenging for lower class students to get higher education.
- Sanskritization of Education: The South Indian states allege that the government is trying to sanskrit education through the ‘tri-language’ formula.
- Inadequate funding checks: Fee regulation still exists in some states, but these regulatory processes are unable to curb profiteering in the form of unlimited donations.
- Financing: Ensuring financing will depend on how strong the will is to spend the proposed 6% of GDP on education as public expenditure.
- Lack of human resource: At present there is a shortage of skilled teachers in the field of elementary education, in such a situation there are practical problems in the implementation of the system made for elementary education under the National Education Policy, 2020.